Find us on the MHS Gifted and Talented Hub

As we mentioned in a previous post, the newly-updated and revised Gifted Rating Scales Second Edition is nearing its publication date. The GRS 2 will include teacher rating scales as well as new parent rating scales. Together, these updated instruments offer a comprehensive screening system for students ages 4 through 18 years and 11 months. The online format will allow for quick and efficient screening, with comprehensive reporting and multi-rater reports.

We thank you for your interest in the GRS and for your work with gifted and talented students. This post will be the final post on the Gifted Assessment Insights website. Please visit the MHS Gifted and Talented Hub for updates and information about publication dates and research about the GRS 2. The MHS Gifted and Talented Hub includes a variety of information and resources to improve identification of and support for high potential youth, directly addressing issues of fairness, equity, and representation.

You can find Dr. Pfeiffer on the Steven Pfeiffer Psychology website. Visit Dr. Pfeiffer’s site to request a speaking engagement, request information about counseling and consulting, and review a list of articles and books written by Dr. Pfeiffer.

Dr. Jarosewich hosts a website for her program evaluation consulting firm, Censeo Group. Contact Dr. Jarosewich for support preparing a proposal for the National Science Foundation, US Department of Education, or other grantmaker or to discuss program evaluation for your grant-funded work.

Psychology in the Schools – Special Issue on Serving Gifted Students

In case you missed it, the October 2020 issue of Psychology in the Schools is a special issue on gifted, edited by Steven Pfeiffer.

“Serving Gifted and Talented Students in the Schools” includes articles about assessment, social emotional issues, curriculum and instruction, career development, and policy and advocacy written by high profile researchers in the field.

Gifted Ratings Scales 2 to be published by MHS

We are excited to share with you information from the MHS Virtual Booth at the National Association for Gifted Children 67th Annual Convention Reimagined!

MHS has announced information about the Gifted Rating Scales Second Edition! Read more by clicking here or on the flyer below. The GRS 2 will include teacher rating scales as well as new parent rating scales. Together, these updated instruments offer a comprehensive screening system for students ages 4 through 18 years and 11 months. The online format will allow for quick and efficient screening, with comprehensive reporting and multi-rater reports.

Read more at the MHS Gifted and Talented Hub, which includes information and resources to improve identification of and support for high potential youth, directly addressing issues of fairness, equity, and representation.

We will be sharing more information about the GRS 2 release date as it becomes available. Sign up for updates on our website and also on the MHS Gifted and Talented Hub to receive updates.

GRS @ NAGC – Dr. Pfeiffer on Best Practices in Gifted Assessment

The 2020 NAGC 67th Annual Convention Reimagined! live sessions are over, but Dr Pfeiffer’s on-demand presentation 829759 – Best Practices in Gifted Assessment will be available for registered participants until the conference site is closed.

Dr. Pfeiffer’s presentation focuses on how “gifted assessment” differs from “gifted identification.” Participants learn about key principles and fundamental beliefs underlying gifted assessment, multiple purposes for gifted assessment, and new measures of intellectual ability, creativity, and teacher and parent rating scales. Comparisons between practices in the USA and Brazil highlight socio-cultural differences in gifted assessment internationally.

How to Practice Mindfulness

Guest post by: Areta Verschoor, Black Cat Studios

Today’s guest author is friend and yoga instructor, Areta Verschoor. This post about mindfulness connects to previous posts about supporting the social emotional learning (SEL) of gifted students.

Areta teaches yoga in several studios in the Chicagoland area, including Black Cat Studios. She teaches to inspire and empower physical well being + awakening for everyday life. Her classes are warm + light, with an emphasis on breath connection, balance, physical awareness + opening of the heart. Having studied vinyasa yoga, adaptive yoga, yoga for eating disorder recovery + trauma informed yoga – Areta brings deep knowledge to her teaching. Helping each person find ease + strength in their body, no matter how they arrive on the mat. Step into her light, bright energy to find new joy in your practice.

Mindfulness: a mental state achieved by focusing one’s awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one’s feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations. 

A widely-accepted definition of mindfulness comes from Jon Kabat Zinn, the founder of  mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR): The awareness that arises from paying attention, on purpose, in the present moment and non-judgmentally. MBSR is a secular practice that focuses attention to the present moment to calm the mind from worries about the past, future, and busy to-do lists. 

Practicing mindfulness to bring on a state of calm and quiet is said to decrease feelings of anxiety and stress. Under stress, the brain releases “fight-or-flight” jolts of adrenaline, which can affect the developing brains of children and increase the likelihood of long-term mood disorders. Harvard researchers found that a structured school-based mindfulness intervention showed a reduction in perceived stress and improvements in sustained attention among student participants.. Study authors noted the potential value of mindfulness interventions in school. The paper provides references for literature about mindfulness in educational practice and recommendations for integrating mindfulness into classrooms. Similarly, a 2019 EdWeek article noted that mindfulness and meditation in classrooms can “decrease stress and anxiety, boost working memory, focus attention, reduce emotional reactivity, and increase relationship satisfaction.” You can read more, in an article by the Harvard Gazette about mindfulness and about schools across California that are investigating the impact of mindfulness in classrooms to reverse the effects of chronic stress.

Areta ends yoga practice with guided meditation, focused attention to breath, or a body scan to help her students release tension and leave class in a calm and relaxed state. Areta provided us with a guide for practicing mindfulness. Take a deep breath, settle into your space, and try out the steps of the guide. 

Think about how you might use this guide in your classroom. What a wonderful way to spend a quiet ten minutes with your students. Where in your schedule could you find several minutes to support students’ practice of mindfulness?  

The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-5th Edition and The Expressive Vocabulary Test- Third Edition – Recent Revisions of Assessments Essential to a Comprehensive Evaluation

Guest Post by Michael F. Shaughnessy, Eastern New Mexico University

Dr. Michael F. Shaughnessy received his Bachelor’s degree from Mercy College in Dobbs Ferry, NY, his master’s degree in counseling and guidance from Bank Street College of Education, and his master’s in School Psychology from the College of New Rochelle. He did his doctoral work at the University of Nebraska- Lincoln and has done post-doctoral study at George Washington University in Head Injury and Brain Trauma and additional study at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas in multiple disabilities.

Dr. Shaughnessy’s research interests are Intelligence Testing and Personality, Gifted Education, Projective Psychology, and Clinical Psychology

In this blog post, Dr. Shaughnessy reviews revisions of two well-known tests – The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-5th Edition and The Expressive Vocabulary Test- 3rd Edition. These instruments are often used as part of comprehensive evaluations and their revisions provide updated norms and easy paper and pencil or digital administration.

The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-5th Edition

The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test 5th Edition (PPVT™-5) is a well-known test that has been around literally for decades, serving as an integral part of most comprehensive evaluations. The PPVT-5 is a measure of receptive vocabulary designed for Standard American English. The test measures receptive vocabulary and its acquisition; strengths and weaknesses in the domain of semantics, word knowledge; and overall general language development. The PPVT-5 can be used for screening for receptive language disorders, screening for pre-school children, measuring word knowledge, understanding reading delays and difficulties, and measuring reevaluation and growth.

The goal of the revision was to update normative data to provide accurate comparative information; simplify and shorten the administration process; and include item analyses for assessment to intervention connections. The PPVT-5 keeps the basic well-known format of the PPVT–4 – respondents select a stimulus word from a four-picture layout – with stimulus words and pictures more applicable to different cultures within the United States.

Examiners compute raw scores to receive age-based standard scores (M = 100, SD = 15), percentile ranks, normal curve equivalents (NCEs), stanines, and both age and grade equivalents. Douglas Dunn, the author of the PPVT-5 has written a quite comprehensive manual delving into the statistical aspects of the test. The manual provides evidence of reliability, evidence of internal consistency, standard error of measurement and confidence intervals, and reliability of test scores. In terms of validity, the manual provides evidence based on test content, and response processes. The manual also reports relationships with other variables, specifically correlations with the PPVT-4, EVT-3, CLEF-Preschool -2, CLEF-5, and the KTEA-3-Brief.

Special group studies included populations diagnosed with language disorder, language delay and specific language impairment, autism spectrum disorder, specific language disability in reading and or writing, and hearing impairment with cochlear implants.

The publisher’s website and testing manual has additional information about testers’ qualifications, age-rage, administration time, and the paper and pencil and digital format of the assessment. 

The Expressive Vocabulary Test- Third Edition

The EVT-3 is a valid reliable measure of expressive vocabulary and word retrieval for Standard American English. The EVT–3:

  1. Measures expressive vocabulary
  2. Offers comparisons of receptive and expressive vocabulary with concurrent administration of the PPVT-5 
  3. Assesses strengths and weaknesses in the realm of semantics, word knowledge
  4. Offers an assessment of general language development.
  5. Generates evidence-based interventions through the online Q-global system

The goals of the updated Expressive Vocabulary Test, Third Edition (EVT™-3) were to update normative data, include item analyses to connect assessment to intervention, and offer digital applications that maintain the basic qualities of the EVT–2 – ease of administration and response capture, brief administration time, and accurate and straightforward scoring.  The stimulus words and pictures were also updated to be culturally relevant.

The EVT-3 will be available in paper and pencil and digital formats. The digital format includes digital scoring and reporting, digital stimulus books and manuals, and digital administration and scoring via Pearson’s Q-interactive® system.

The test yields age-based standard scores (M = 100, SD = 15), percentiles, normal curve equivalents (NCEs), stanines, and age and grade equivalents. Scoring options include digital Q-global scoring, although examiners can also use the manual for hand score.

The manual provides evidence of reliability and validity, including test-retest, internal consistency, standard error of measurement, confidence intervals, and reliability and standard errors of measurement of the normative sample. In terms of evidence of validity, the manual provides evidence based on test content, response processes, and relationships with other variables such as correlations with EVT-2 and PPVT-5. The PPVT-5 and EVT-3 were co-normed, offering a high degree of confidence in the results of the two tests.

The publisher’s website and testing manual has additional information about testers’ qualifications, age-rage, administration time, and the paper and pencil and digital format of the assessment. 

Overall Summary

When used together, the PPVT-5 and the EVT-3 offer direct comparisons of receptive and expressive vocabulary.  The general idea is that using both tests together expedites movement immediately to evidence-based interventions using the data gathered from these two tests.

Both instruments will be available via Q-interactive, Pearson’s web- and iPad®-based system for interactive, seamless assessment, scoring, and reporting. With Q-interactive, examiners administer interactive assessments with an intuitive, portable system that employs two iPads that are connected by Bluetooth. The student or subject views the test stimuli on one iPad while the examiner uses the other iPad to view and control test administration directions and the verbal stimuli, and record and score responses. New users can receive orientation or sign-up at for an overview.

Both tests have a long and rich history of use and their importance cannot be over-estimated. These two instruments are easy to administer and score, and provide an excellent baseline and pre-post measure of growth and development to ascertain if students are responding to intervention. These two instruments will provide excellent information for speech language therapists, school psychologists, educational diagnosticians and others involved in the evaluation and assessment of preschool and school aged children, adolescents and adults.


Dunn, D. M. (2019) .  Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (5th ed.) [Measurement instrument]. Bloomington, MN: NCS Pearson.

Williams, K. T. (2019). Expressive Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.) [Measurement instrument]. Bloomington, MN: NCS Pearson.

Perceptions that Promote Achievement

Guest post by Del Siegle, PhD

Del Siegle is a professor in gifted education in the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut, where he was honored as a teaching fellow. Prior to earning his PhD, Del worked as a gifted and talented coordinator in Montana. He is past president of the National Association of Gifted Children and has served on the board of directors of The Association for the Gifted. He is also past chair of the AERA Research on Giftedness, Creativity, and Talent SIG. He has been co-editor of the Journal of Advanced Academics and  Gifted Child Quarterly. He writes a technology column for Gifted Child Today. Del’s research interests include web-based instruction, motivation of gifted students, and teacher bias in the identification of students for gifted programs. Along with Gary Davis and Sylvia Rimm, he is an author of the popular textbook, Education of the Gifted and Talented (6th and 7th ed.). He is the Director of the National Center for Research on Gifted Education (NCRGE), which replaces the former National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT).

Gifted students, similar to other students, can be at risk for academic failure, and the seeming lack of motivation of many academically gifted students is an area of frustration and concern for many parents and teachers. The underachievement of some of America’s most talented students represents a loss of valuable human resources for the nation, as well as unrealized fulfillment for the individual.

We know that

•       Teachers nominate three times as many gifted boys as underachievers as they nominate gifted girls as underachievers. Are more gifted boys underachieving, or are gifted girls who are underachieving being overlooked?

•        Parents and teachers indicate higher rates of inattentive behavior at home and school for underachievers. Is inattention a cause of underachievement or a product of the underachievement?

•        Developing trusting relationships with gifted underachievers, making school meaningful, and helping students see the important of school appear to be the strongest strategies for improving gifted underachievers’ grades. How can educators make school more meaningful for gifted and talented students?

One way to understand why students are not motivated to achieve is to study what motivates individuals. Our work has demonstrated there is a relationship between and among three key perceptions (self-efficacy, goal/task value, and environmental perceptions), and a resultant behavior (self-regulation). Students must believe they have the skills to do well before they will tackle a task. This self-efficacy appears to be necessary, but not sufficient for students to achieve.

Students must also find school tasks meaningful and valuable. Even if students believe they have the skills (self-efficacy) to do well in school, if they do not see their schoolwork as meaningful, they will not complete it. Many gifted students do not see the work they are doing in school as meaningful for several reasons. They may already know much of what is being presented to them. They also often have specific passion areas they enjoy exploring, but are seldom given opportunities to pursue in school. Educators often fail to share with students why content they are teaching is significant and how it relates the world in which live.

Additionally, students’ perceptions of school and home events, the nature of teachers’ and parents’ expectations and support, and the patterns of interaction between students, teachers, and parents have an impact on their academic attitudes and behaviors. These environmental perceptions interact with students’ goal/task values, and self-efficacy to help them set realistic goals and self-regulate. If any one of these three attitudes is low, individuals can fail to engage and achieve. Self-regulation and study skills are important for academic success; however, they interact with attitudes and are a resultant behavior that enables students to be successful. Helping students recognize and appreciate the abilities they are developing, helping them see the meaningfulness of the tasks we ask them to do, and letting them know we support their efforts as they approach challenges promotes the achievement oriented attitude necessary for success.

Resources for parents of gifted students

Last week’s post by Dr. Pfeiffer was one of our more popular posts so far. Dr. Pfeiffer wrote about facilitating a presentation for families of gifted children during which the audience discussed answers that they had submitted in response to the question, “What is the one thing that you find most worrisome or challenging as a parent of a gifted child?”

Dr. Pfeiffer wrote about the power of the discussion as participants shared similar concerns and experience. We know that having a community of families with similar interests and concerns can provide an important source of information and support.

To follow up on that post, we collected a set of resources that we hope will be helpful for parents to learn more about available educational opportunities, research about giftedness, and organizations that support gifted students and families. These resources can also be helpful for educators to share with students and families.

National Association for Gifted Children – Resources for Parents. A great set of resources, publications, links for further information, and tips for parents of gifted children. The site includes brochures and handouts that families can share with schools. Also check the websites of your state-level organization. For example, the Ohio Association for Gifted Children (OAGC) includes information and documents that parents and families could find helpful.

Your state department of education and your local school district should have a page with information for parents specific to your state and local community. The resources on the Ohio Department of Education website include information about giftedness, educational strategies for serving gifted students, and links to state and national organizations.

Of course, we suggest that you look at the Duke TIP website for information. Dr. Pfeiffer, former Executive Director of Duke TIP, and I, former Research Postdoctoral Fellow, have great respect for the work, research, advocacy, and resources that Duke TIP offers students, families, and the gifted community.

University centers offer useful research-based resources and services for students. Below is a sample of these centers. You can see that resources are located across the country and in a variety of institutions. These are just a few of the centers that focus their work on gifted students. Check your area to see if a local institution of higher education has a summer program, research center, or program that could be of interest.

These websites are a great place to start your search or to learn about new developments and research about effective educational strategies and programming for gifted students.

Grant Evaluation for Gifted Educators – A Deeper Dive

Photo by Matthew Henry from Burst

In the January 16, 2020 post, I discussed grant writing for gifted educators. In today’s post I address how program evaluation aligned with a project’s research agenda can enhance your project, and provide good reasons to include an external evaluator in your project.

Program evaluation: enhance your proposal and your project

Respond to the call for proposals. The first reason to focus on evaluation in your grant proposal is because funders ask for it. We know that the key rule of grant writing is to include all the elements that the funder seeks. Most education-focused grant programs at the National Science Foundation, National Institutes for Health, and US Department of Education require an explanation of how grant activities and outcomes will be evaluated.

Support program implementation and improvement. Evaluation is not just important because the funder asks for this, but also because evaluation can help support a team’s work and can provide information and feedback that could improve the success of the project.

Program evaluators speak of two types of evaluation: formative and summative. Formative evaluation collects information and provides feedback to a project team about progress and perception of activities. This information can help the team understand if they are on track to complete project activities, if changes to the project plan or timeline should be considered, and if the expectations of the project participants and stakeholders are being met. Summative evaluation focuses on the outcomes of grant activities and assesses the impact of a program on participants and the extent to which a program resulted in expected outcomes.

Program evaluation aligned with the research agenda

External evaluation and research activities can focus on similar areas and use similar, or even the same data, to answer different questions. An evaluator can be assessing the extent to which a curriculum meets teacher needs, provides sufficient support and materials for implementation, and engages the interest of students. Concurrently, the research team can be examining the connection between student engagement and motivation.

Research and evaluation plans should be closely aligned to ensure efficient and complete data collection while avoiding repetitive or intrusive data collection. Communicating to grant reviewers, program participants, and stakeholders that the research and evaluation efforts are aligned and coordinated helps build trust and shows respect for participants.

In order to create an aligned plan, engage an evaluator early in your planning and proposal writing process. Developing an evaluation plan along with the research agenda can help align and organize data collection activities and ensure that all required information and data be available by project end.

External evaluation support

No doubt you are thinking “since the research team is already studying the project, can’t the research team just collect information about implementation and participant feedback?” Yes, that is possible. However, here a few reasons a skilled and experienced evaluator should be engaged.

First, an outside perspective is helpful. Evaluators can help shed light on a theory of action that is missing a step or help clarify assumptions at program onset. Discussions with an evaluator often help solidify thinking about project work and can position a project for successful implementation.

Experience is another reason. Experienced evaluators can offer a broad knowledge about assessment tools, data collection practices, and evaluation methodologies that can improve the work of the team. These skills can improve research efforts, as well, allowing you to focus on answering the questions that are of interest to you and your research agenda. A skilled independent evaluator should not come to your project to answer his or her own questions, they should come to your project with the goal of answering the questions that will help ensure that your program runs smoothly, and as intended.

And finally, an evaluator can help disseminate results, new practices, or innovative methods to different audiences. Evaluators can share innovations in assessment tools and methods, data collection strategies, analysis methods, and effective data visualization and reporting efforts. Often evaluators are willing to accompany principal investigators and project teams to conferences or professional meetings to help share and promote project outcomes.

With the right partner, external evaluation support can be a benefit to any project. If you have an idea for a grant submission that you would like to discuss, please email me at Our team would be excited to work with your team to develop your idea, to support your grant writing and grant evaluation efforts, and to increase research about effective programming for, gifted learners.

Censeo Group helps clients set their goals, as well as attain them!

Grantwriting for Gifted Educators – Program Evaluation Support

Since it’s still January, let’s continue discussing our professional goals for the new year. Let’s focus on your goal to start or increase the success of your grant funding efforts – or maybe that is a goal of your superintendent or department chair.

January is a great time to begin working toward that goal, and as a professional program evaluator and frequent contributor to grant applications, I am both equipped and glad to help you. If you are thinking, “Hm, perhaps my organization can finally write for or be awarded one of these grants this year”, read on!

Grant writing meeting
Photo by Matthew Henry from Burst

Over the past 15 years, I have led a team of evaluators, statisticians, and data collectors at Censeo Group, an external evaluation consulting firm. We support school districts, state departments of education, faculty, and grantmakers in implementing and measuring the impact of grant-funded activities. We help educators craft evaluation and research sections of grant proposals and ensure that goals, activities, plans, and personnel are aligned. Our team has evaluated programs across the country at the K12 and postsecondary levels in formal and informal education settings. We have worked with educators who are creating curriculum units and teacher professional development aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), Minecraft activities to help middle school boys and girls develop spatial skills, literacy initiatives, mathematics and Earth science teacher professional development, and online learning for gifted students in language arts instruction.

Censeo Group is currently the external evaluator of a newly-funded School Climate Transformation Grant (SCTG), and we are familiar with federal evaluation requirements for proposal writing and evaluation reporting. We have extensive experience evaluating US Department of Education awards – from Reading Excellent Act and Reading First grants in the 1990s to Javits and current SCTG grant awards.

The Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Program at the U.S. Department of Education is by far the largest and most focused grant program for gifted educators. The 2019 appropriation for this program was $12,000,000. As of this writing, there is no information posted about the FY 2020 Javits competition, but if the timeline is consistent with the 2019 competition, the grant application could be available in early May and deadline to submit in early June. The FY2019 competition was open to state educational agencies, local educational agencies, the Bureau of Indian Education, institutions of higher education, and other public and private agencies and organizations. If you are thinking about submitting a Javits grant proposal , we can help you by discussing your project ideas and evaluation plan so that perhaps your program can be one of this year’s Javits awardees.

A good deal of Censeo Group’s evaluation work is with Primary Investigators funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). We are knowledgeable about the formal and informal education grant programs and can help you tailor your proposal for the NSF. A number of completed NSF grants have focused specifically on services for or the study of gifted learners in informal settings, through the NSF Advancing Informal STEM Learning (AISL) grant program, including projects at the Belin-Blank Center and at the University of Connecticut Neag. Gifted researchers at the University of North Texas received an Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) program award and researchers at George Washington University (OSPrI project) and SRI International (iSTEM project) received funding through the Discovery Research PreK-12 (DRK-12) program.

Currently, 24 active National Science Foundation (NSF) grants include gifted students in project activities. The majority of these projects, funded by specific NSF science directorates, focus on basic science research and include gifted students in summer experiences or lab visits. For example, the Division of Astronomical Sciences (AST) funded a study of faint dwarf galaxies at Ohio State University (NSF award number 1615838) that includes, as a small component, a dwarf-galaxy-hunting project for gifted high-school students attending a summer program, scholarships for students to attend the program, and a video blog (vlog) and a guide for students interested in scientific careers.

Censeo Group evaluators could support NSF-funded projects that include gifted learners in several ways:

  • Measure changes in student STEM attitudes, learning, and career interest as a result of their engagement in project activities.
  • Investigate the methods and impact of mentoring provided by undergraduate and graduate students.
  • Study the impact of mentoring on project staff.
  • Measure the impact of the summer learning experience and activities.
  • Support building curriculum materials from summer programs into robust learning experiences for informal or formal science settings.
  • Study the process of implementation, and the factors that supported or interfered with project activities in order to improve implementation in subsequent years.
  • Support and evaluate the effectiveness of dissemination and communication efforts.

If you have an idea for a grant submission that you would like to discuss, please email me at We would love to work with you to develop your idea and support your grant writing and grant evaluation efforts to increase research and effective programming for gifted learners. Censeo Group prides itself on helping clients not only set their goals but also attain them!